What is forex and how does it work?

What is forex and how does it work?

What is forex and how does it work?

The foreign exchange market, also known as the forex or FX market, is the exchange of different currencies in a decentralized global market. It is one of the most liquid and largest financial markets in the world. Forex trading involves the simultaneous buying and selling of world currency pairs, with EUR/USD and GBP/USD being the main ones.

The currency exchange rate between different pairs shows the rates at which one currency can be exchanged for another. It plays a very important role in foreign trade and business, as products and services purchased in a foreign currency are paid for with the currency of the country of sale. Our large number of currencies suggests frequent price movements for forex traders, and market volatility can increase the opportunity for profit. This possibility is one of the reasons to invest in the forex market, although it also requires caution and attention to this fluctuating market so as not to result in more losses than profits.

To start trading forex, we advise you to try a demo account on our platform, Next Generation, to practice your trading strategy in a risk-free environment.


You can also read more about the differences between our trading platforms, Next Generation vs MT4, to distinguish the best platform for your trading strategy.

How to trade Forex

Forex is one of the most traded markets in the world with an average daily turnover of over 5 trillion USD per day. A common question we are always asked by our clients is “what time does the forex marketopen?” Since it is not traded on a centralized exchange, forex hours are set; it is open 24 hours a day, from Sunday night to Friday night. A wide range of currencies are constantly being exchanged as individuals, companies and organizations conduct their global business and try to take advantage of fluctuations in exchange rates. Read our guide to forex trading with CMC Markets for as much information as possible.

Forex Strategies

There are a plethora of strategies and indicators to help you succeed in the forex market, either through fundamental or technical analysis. It is advisable to incorporate a combination of both methods into your trading strategy, although a large percentage of fx traders, especially day traders, opt for forex signals and technical indicators.


Signals can provide indications for determining entry and exit points in the forex market, and can be determined by manual or automated methods. Manual methods rely on observing chart patterns and averages to identify buying and selling opportunities, while automated methods use algorithms to determine trading signals and execute trades with pre-set conditions.

What is leverage in forex?

In reality, the use of collateral in forex trading is not a strategy but a common method among market participants. Leverage in forexallows the investor to gain greater exposure to currency pairs by paying out a percentage of the total investment, called collateral. The collateral percentages for this market are particularly low compared to others; they start at 3.3% with a maximum of 5%, therefore, forex trading through leveraged products is very popular.

There are several factors that play a role in this relationship and all together contribute in some way to the strength of one currency declining or improving relative to another. Understanding the influencing factors allows the trader to make an analysis that can be incorporated into their forex trading strategy.

Some of these factors include political stability, interest rates, trade relations, government debt and government deficit. For example, in the case of interest rates, if rates are higher, borrowers get a better return compared to what they would receive in a country with lower rates; therefore, higher rates attract more foreign capital, which will cause a rise in the exchange rate. This is one reason why forex traders should keep an eye on interest rate announcements from central banks such as the US Federal Reserve or the Bank of England.


The above factors can also cause the currency to fall. For example, the currency of a country with low inflation will generally rise as the country’s purchasing power is higher relative to other currencies. Even natural disasters, such as earthquakes or tsunamis, which put pressure on a nation’s economy, can have a negative impact on its currency. Political instability and poor economic performance can also have a negative impact. Politically stable countries with strong economic performance will always be more attractive to foreign investors, so these countries steer investment away from countries that are characterized by higher political or economic risk.

Moreover, a country that shows a sharp decline in the economy will suffer a loss of confidence in its currency and capital will move to currencies of more economically stable countries.

Traders have a lot to consider when developing their trading strategy and for this reason, they choose to follow a forex economic calendar, for example, to keep up with forex news.



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